11 Types of Bicycle Brakes

Types of Bicycle Brakes

The majority of individuals who purchase a bicycle pay little attention to the types of bicycle brakes. I have done so before. I would buy the bike if I loved it.  

Over the previous two decades, bicycle brake technology has progressed significantly. Bicycle technology is rapidly improving, raising the cost of purchasing a bicycle. 

Furthermore, Brakes offers stop power, allowing you to safely slow down or come to a complete stop on your bike.

It refers to the levers on the handlebars and the braking system that prevents the wheel from turning.  

Furthermore, you have various possibilities depending on your bike and the style of riding you want to undertake.

Types of Bicycle Brakes

Our purchase guide will assist you in determining the best types of bicycle brakes for your needs. 

Table of Contents

1. Rim Brakes

Rim brakes work by contacting a rubber, leather, or cork pad against the inside of a bicycle wheel, away from the rubber tire, to generate braking power.

Pulling a lever on the handlebar activates rim brakes. Rim brakes can still be found on some of today’s lower-cost bicycles.  

They’re not too heavy. Rim brakes are not too costly. They’re simple to keep up with (though you shouldn’t let the pad get too worn out). 

Furthermore, Rim brakes have a few flaws. When the rims are wet, greasy, or unclean, they collect water, grease, and grime from the road, and rim pads have less braking strength.

Additionally, Debris on the rims, such as dirt, twigs, and road garbage, can render brakes useless.  

On the other hand, Rim brakes can operate just fine if you ride your bike on smoothly paved streets in excellent weather and don’t go off-road.

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Here are three things to keep in mind when buying a rim brake bike. 

2. Cantilever Brakes

For those following the cyclo-cross boom in Naples, Florida, cantilever brakes are popular bicycle brake technology.

These cyclists enjoy riding their road bikes on light off-road trails.  

As a result, they demand a powerful brake for the quick stops required when your bike’s traction is less than ideal.

However, Cantilever brakes are identical to caliper brakes, except that a caliper brake is one solid piece.  

In contrast, a cantilever brake has two opposed mechanisms on either side of your rim. As a result, the brakes have a greater stopping power than calipers but are less aerodynamic. 

3. Rod-Actuated Brakes

Rod-actuated or “rod” brakes are standard on Raleigh bicycles. A sequence of rods and pistons transmit force from the handlebar lever to the rim brakes on the wheels.

Instead of lying flat against the rim, the brake pads are somewhat concave.  

Moreover, Rod brakes are difficult to maintain and sophisticated, but they are durable and dependable.

Additionally, even now, certain Asian and African-made touring bike manufacturers select them because of these characteristics. 

4. Disc Brakes

There are disc brakes for those who aren’t interested in rim brakes like calipers and cantilevers. Disc brakes concentrate their braking force on the disc in the middle of your wheel.

This shift in braking emphasis has several advantages.  

Furthermore, Disc brakes take less energy to stop your bike because they control your wheel at the center rather than the outside rim.

Additionally, without fully engaging the brake, you may usually bring your bicycle to a complete stop.  

Disc brakes have a significantly better braking consistency than most rim brakes. Meanwhile, Advocates claim that character gives riders a better sensation of control while riding. 

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5. Caliper Brakes

You might replace your standard caliper brakes with something different if you have a road racing bike and want to stop a little faster while losing a little weight.

Caliper brakes are used to prevent road bikes, although disc brakes are becoming more popular.  

Meanwhile, there are still alternatives to modify your caliper brakes if your frame was constructed for them.

Furthermore, stopping faster can help you move more quickly, and a solid set of brake calipers will provide you with robust, consistent stopping force in various conditions. 

6. Side pulls caliper Brakes

Two curved arms connect at a pivot point above the wheel to make up side-pull caliper types of bicycle brakes. On either side of the rim, they hold the pads in place.  

On both sides of each arm, there are extensions. In addition, the brake cable is linked to one wing and the cable housing to the other.

The components are brought together when you squeeze the brake lever.  

To stop the wheel, the two brake pads create friction on the rim. However, Side-pull caliper brakes have a negative reputation, in my opinion.

Side-pull caliper brakes have the drawback of pulling to one side.  

Furthermore, if you have to brake quickly while negotiating a curve, your bike’s stability may be compromised, and you may fall. 

7. U Brakes

After a trademarked sales name, U-brakes are sometimes known as “990-style” brakes. Additionally, U-brakes have two arm pivots that are directly mounted to the bike’s frame or fork.  

This sets them apart from the center-pull caliper brake, which has two arms attached to the connecting bridge.

Above the rim, the pivots are situated. Furthermore, U-brakes are simple to repair and replace, but as they wear out, they tend to hit the edge higher and higher, potentially damaging the tire. 

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8. Drag Brakes

On a long downhill, a drag type of bicycle brakes slows the bike. When other types of brakes might cause a rim to overheat and blow out, it’s used instead.

However, Arai Helmet, Inc., a Japanese company, still produces bikes with this sort of brakes.  

Additionally, Band brakes provide pressure to the wheel’s hub to slow it down by wrapping a cable around it. This characteristic may be found in used Yankee bikes.

Wet weather causes band brakes to tighten, posing a risk to bikers on wet roads. 

9. Duck Brakes

In 1897, duck brakes were the newest bicycle component. When the rider pulls a long lever, two rollers descend against the front tire, creating a duck brake.  

In addition, the lever increases the effort used by the rider to stop the bike, and the tool rollers, rather than a single spoon, assure more excellent tire contact.

Furthermore, for controlled deceleration, duck brakes are preferable over spoon brakes.  

However, when riding on slick pavement, they’re a lot easier to utilize. Except you won’t find them on any but antique road bicycles today. 

10. Coaster Brakes

By pedaling backward, coaster brakes are engaged. Until the 1980s, they were standard on budget bicycles. Meanwhile, A clutch presses the brake mantle when the rider shifts into reverse.  

The issue with coaster brakes is that they can be actuated by a minor backward movement rather than pedaling backward. 

11. Hydraulic Rim Brakes

Some e-bikes come with hydraulic rim types of bicycle brakes. The use of oil pressure instead of mechanical stress on a wire to actuate the brake is what makes a hydraulic rim brake hydraulic.  

Hydraulic rim brakes provide excellent control at the cost of extra weight, but this is not an issue with motorized e-bikes. 

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